By the 17th and the 18th c. time England had become a great colonial power. Thanks to the new inventions and flourishing trade, England became a more prosperous (edukas) and civilized country. The role of churches and religious thinking in earthly affairs was reduced, the scientific revolution took place, the Glorious Revolution in 1688 in England introduced party system of government.
The new class – the bourgeoisie – began to play the leading role in society. It had its own party called the Whigs, which was constantly at war with the Tories, the party of the landlords. The Tories supported the Church and the King and they were intolerant towards dissenters, the Thories were more popular in the country. The Whigs did not believe in the absolute power of the King and the Church, members were nonconformists or tolerant towards them, they were more popular in the towns.
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Kaur :: Oct.17.2006 ::
Inglise kirjandus, Kool ::
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